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China scrambles jets to tail U.S., Japan flights in defence zone

China has found itself facing a delicate balancing act as it grapples with regional anxieties on the one hand, and on the other, domestic pressure to not appear weak.

China said on Friday it had scrambled fighter jets to identify and tail 12 American and Japanese aircraft that had, in recent days, entered its newly established Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ), underlining rising regional tensions over the contested area.

The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Air Force scrambled two fighter planes to investigate flights by two U.S. surveillance aircraft and a separate deployment by 10 Japanese aircraft that included one F-15 fighter, air force spokesman Shen Jinke was quoted as saying by the official Xinhua news agency.

U.S. Navy FA-18 Hornets cram the flight deck of the USS George Washington during a joint military exercise with Japan in the Pacific Ocean near Japan's southernmost island of Okinawa on Thursday. The 13-day drill ended in the day as an air defense zone newly declared by China Saturday in the East China Sea has raised some tensions in the region. Photo: AP/Kyodo News

Colonel Shen said on Thursday China had also deployed some of its most advanced fighter jets and an early warning aircraft to patrol through the ADIZ over the disputed East China Sea, even as Japan and South Korea had, earlier this week, carried out their own air patrols in defiance of China’s plan to enforce its control over the area.

He described the deployment as “a defensive measure and in line with international common practices”.

China, on November 23, announced the setting up of the ADIZ, saying it would track aircraft through the zone and, if needed, take “emergency” defensive measures if aircraft did not notify authorities of their

flight plans in advance.

Many countries have established similar zones, which are predefined areas in international airspace – beyond a country’s territorial airspace which extends up to 12 nautical miles from its coastline – in which countries track aircraft for security reasons.

China’s ADIZ has stirred attention as it overlaps with the zones set up by Japan and South Korea, and also extends over disputed islands in the East China Sea claimed by Beijing and Tokyo.

A file picture of Sept. 24, 2012 shows a Japan Coast Guard vessel sails along with Chinese surveillance ship Haijian No. 66, foreground, near disputed islands called Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China, in the East China Sea.

China has also required aircraft to notify authorities if their flight plans pass through any portion of the ADIZ, although many other countries, such as the U.S., only required aircraft to do so if they are headed towards their territorial airspace. There are, however, no international laws or rules governing the setting up of an ADIZ.

In recent days, the U.S., South Korea and Japan have carried out air patrols through the zone without notifying China, making it clear that they will not comply with Beijing’s measures. The three countries have expressed concern that the move may raise the likelihood of confrontations.

China has found itself facing a delicate balancing act as it grapples with regional anxieties on the one hand, and on the other, domestic pressure to not appear weak.

On Thursday, the nationalistic tabloid, Global Times, in an editorial said China “failed in offering a timely and ideal response” and risked “undermin[ing] the image of our military forces”, after officials said they had responded to the U.S. and South Korean patrols by only “identifying” aircraft and not taking other defensive measures.

 A 2011 file photo of a Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force's P-3C Orion surveillance plane flying over the disputed islands in the East China Sea, called the Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China. China on Wednesday said it had monitored two unarmed U.S. bombers over the East China Sea in defiance of Beijing's declaration it was exercising greater military control over the area. AP Photo/Kyodo News

“Chinese authorities must make speedy reactions to various emergencies and challenges,” the editorial said.

The Chinese government on Friday sought to rebut criticism that the move was stoking tensions, saying that China wanted “to seek effective management of differences” with Japan “through dialogue and consultation”.

“At present, the difficulty is that Japan has been shying away from China’s request, so Japan should not only say words but should also make tangible efforts,” Foreign Ministry spokesperson Qin Gang told reporters.

Defending China’s right to set up an ADIZ, he pointed out that Japan had set up a zone as long as 40 years ago, in 1969. “When Japan set up an ADIZ and expanded it several times afterwards, did Japan have consultations with other countries? How large is Japan’s ADIZ?”, he told reporters, indicating that China’s zone was smaller.

“Japan is merely allowing itself to set fire,” Mr. Qin said, “but forbidding others to even light a lamp.”

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Google faces fine for breaching Dutch law

  THE HAGUE: A privacy watchdog said that Google has been breaching Dutch law on personal data protection since it introduced a new privacy policy last year.

Jacob Kohnstamm, chairman of the College for the Protection of Personal Data, said that Google’s combining of data from different services, including surfing multiple websites, to tailor ads and personalize services like YouTube “spins an invisible web of our personal information, without our permission, and that is outlawed.”

Google faces fine for breaching Dutch law

In a statement, the watchdog said Google, “does not adequately inform users about the combining of their personal data from all these different services.”

It added that consent, required by Dutch law, for the combining of personal data from different Google services “cannot be obtained by accepting general (privacy) terms of service.”

Google spokesman Al Verney said the company’s privacy policy “respects European law and allows us to create simpler, more effective services.”

Kohnstamm’s organization said it has invited Google to a hearing, after which the watchdog will decide on possible enforcement action.

Verney said Google had “engaged fully” with the Dutch investigation and would continue to do so.

The Netherlands is one of six European nations investigating Google’s privacy policy along with France, Spain, Germany, Britain and Italy.

Spain’s Data Protection Agency said in June that it had initiated sanction proceedings after initial investigations showed Google Spain and Google Inc. may be committing six infractions against the country’s data protection law. It said the company could also face fines of up to 300,000 euros ($408,000).

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